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SEC Likely to Approve Spot Bitcoin ETFs After Grayscale’s Legal Victory: JPMorgan Analysis

In a groundbreaking development for the cryptocurrency market, Grayscale’s recent legal triumph against the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) is expected to have far-reaching implications. JPMorgan analysts, led by Nikolaos Panigirtzoglou, suggest that this victory may compel the SEC to approve multiple spot bitcoin exchange-traded fund (ETF) applications. In this article, we explore the implications of Grayscale’s win and the potential transformation of the cryptocurrency landscape.

Grayscale’s Legal Victory

Grayscale‘s victory in its case against the SEC has raised significant questions about the agency’s stance on cryptocurrency ETFs. The court ruled that the SEC must review its rejection of Grayscale’s attempt to convert the Grayscale Bitcoin Trust (GBTC) into an ETF. What’s striking is the court’s reasoning, asserting that there was no justification for the SEC to allow bitcoin futures-based ETFs while denying spot bitcoin ETFs. The court argued that fraud and manipulation risks in the bitcoin spot market were comparable to those in the futures market due to their tight correlation. As a result, the SEC’s rejection of Grayscale’s proposal was deemed “arbitrary and capricious.”

JPMorgan’s analysis indicates that the SEC now faces a challenging decision. To maintain consistency, it would need to retroactively withdraw its previous approval of futures-based bitcoin ETFs, which would be both disruptive and embarrassing. Instead, the more likely scenario, according to JPMorgan, is that the SEC will be forced to approve pending spot bitcoin ETF applications from various asset managers, including Grayscale.

A Delayed Decision Strategy

The SEC has already signaled its approach by delaying decisions on spot bitcoin ETFs proposed by firms like BlackRock, Fidelity, and Invesco until at least mid-October. JPMorgan suggests that this delay may be a precursor to approving multiple spot bitcoin ETFs simultaneously, thus avoiding granting a first-mover advantage to any single applicant. This strategy is expected to benefit investors by fostering competition in terms of ETF fees.

Impact on Grayscale and the Crypto Market

If Grayscale’s trust secures approval to be converted into the largest bitcoin spot ETF globally, it 

will likely face intensified pressure to lower fees. However, despite the potential approval of spot bitcoin ETFs, JPMorgan analysts caution against expecting a seismic shift in the cryptocurrency market. They point out that similar ETFs have been available in Canada and Europe for some time but have failed to attract significant investor interest. Furthermore, outflows from gold ETFs have not substantially benefited bitcoin funds, including futures-based ETFs.


Grayscale’s legal victory against the SEC sets the stage for a potential shift in the cryptocurrency ETF landscape. While the SEC’s decision to approve spot bitcoin ETFs seems increasingly likely, it may not be a game-changer for the crypto market, according to JPMorgan analysts. Nonetheless, this development highlights the evolving regulatory environment surrounding cryptocurrencies and their increasing acceptance in the financial world.

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