You are here
Home > Cryptocurrency > Taxation on Cryptocurrency: Guide To Crypto Taxes in India 2023

Taxation on Cryptocurrency: Guide To Crypto Taxes in India 2023

Cryptocurrencies have become a prominent topic of discussion worldwide due to their decentralized nature and potential for investment. In India, the government has taken steps to regulate and tax cryptocurrency transactions to ensure proper compliance and revenue generation. In this guide, we will provide an overview of the taxation on cryptocurrencies in India for the year 2023.

Understanding Cryptocurrency Taxation in India

Cryptocurrencies, including NFTs (Non-Fungible Tokens), are categorized as “Virtual Digital Assets” under the Income Tax Act. This classification means that any income generated from crypto trading or investment is subject to taxation.

As per the 2022 Union Budget, gains from cryptocurrency transactions are taxed at a flat rate of 30%, with an additional 4% cess. This tax rate applies to all investors, whether private individuals or businesses, and covers short-term as well as long-term gains.

1% Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) is applicable on all sell transactions of Virtual Digital Assets, including cryptocurrencies and NFTs, from 1st July 2022.

Transactions Liable for Taxation

Several cryptocurrency transactions are subject to taxation in India, including:

  1. Trading cryptocurrencies for other cryptocurrencies or fiat currency.
  2. Purchasing goods or services using cryptocurrencies.
  3. Receiving cryptocurrencies as payment for services rendered.
  4. Receiving cryptocurrencies as gifts from non-relatives, if the total value of gifts exceeds ₹50,000.
  5. Mining cryptocurrencies and earning mining rewards.
  6. Staking or forging cryptocurrencies to earn rewards.
  7. Receiving cryptocurrency through airdrops.

Calculating Tax on Crypto Gains

The calculation of tax on cryptocurrency gains is relatively straightforward. The gains are determined by subtracting the cost price from the sale price. The resulting income is then taxed at the applicable rate of 30% (plus cess) for reporting in the Income Tax Return.

Tax Treatment on Airdrops

Airdrops, which involve distributing cryptocurrency tokens or coins directly to specific wallets, are also subject to taxation at the rate of 30%. The value of airdropped tokens is calculated based on the fair market value on the date of receipt on exchanges or decentralized exchanges (DEXes).

Losses from Crypto Transactions

While gains from cryptocurrency transactions are taxable, any losses incurred cannot be offset against other income. Investors cannot claim expenses related to their crypto activities, except for the cost of acquisition or purchase cost.

Reporting Crypto Assets in Tax Returns

Individual taxpayers are required to report cryptocurrency gains in their Income Tax Returns (ITR). For the financial year 2022-23 and assessment year 2023-24, cryptocurrency gains can be reported using either ITR-2 or ITR-3 forms, depending on whether the gains are classified as business income or capital gains.

Latest Updates

According to the latest updates, Indian investors who engage in trading cryptocurrencies and NFTs are required to report their income from these assets as capital gains if they are held for investment purposes. However, if the crypto/NFTs are held for trading, the income will be treated as business income.

To streamline the reporting process, the Income Tax Department has introduced a dedicated section in the Income Tax Return (ITR) forms for the financial year 2022-23, known as Schedule – Virtual Digital Assets (VDA). This section is specifically designed for reporting gains from cryptocurrencies, NFTs, and other Virtual Digital Assets.

Taxpayers are required to file their income tax returns for the FY 2022-23 by 31st July 2023. However, if someone misses this deadline, they can still file a belated return by 31st December 2023.


The taxation on cryptocurrencies in India has become clearer and more defined with the introduction of the 2022 Union Budget. Investors and traders in virtual digital assets must comply with the tax regulations and report their gains accurately in their tax returns. As the cryptocurrency market continues to evolve, it is crucial for taxpayers to stay informed about any further updates or changes in the tax laws regarding cryptocurrencies in India.

Related Article  Unlocking the Future of Entertainment with CROWN Token

Leave a Reply